Benign Thyroid Nodules
What are the Benign Thyroid Nodules Treatment?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland found in both men and women which sits on the front of the neck. The thyroid gland has two side lobes, connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle. When the thyroid is normal in size, you can’t feel it.
The thyroid secretes several hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature.
Thyroid disorders typically occur when this gland releases too many or too few hormones. An overactive or underactive thyroid can lead to a wide range of health problems.
Thyroid nodules are common and found in 20–75 % of the general population. The number, size and symptoms relating to thyroid nodules tend to increase and spoil quality of life as years go on.
Most thyroid nodules are benign, but some benign nodules may require treatment for cosmetic reasons, subjective symptoms or a malignant change.
What are the thyroid nodules Symptoms
Most thyroid nodules don't cause signs or symptoms. But occasionally some nodules become so large that they can:
- Be felt.
- Be seen, often as a swelling at the base of your neck
- Press on your windpipe or esophagus, causing shortness of breath or difficulty swallowing.
In some cases, thyroid nodules produce additional thyroxine, a hormone secreted by your thyroid gland. The extra thyroxine can cause symptoms of an overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism), such as:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased sweating
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Only a small number of thyroid nodules are cancerous. But determining which nodules are cancerous can't be done by evaluating your symptoms alone. Most cancerous thyroid nodules are slow growing and may be small when your doctor discovers them. Aggressive thyroid cancers are rare with nodules that may be large, firm, fixed and rapid growing.
Causes for thyroid nodules
- Overgrowth of normal thyroid tissue
- Thyroid cyst
- Chronic inflammation of the thyroid
- Multinodular goiter
- Thyroid cancer
- Iodine deficiency
Treatment of Thyroid Nodules ?
Both surgical and Non-surgical procedures are Available to Treat Thyroid Nodules.
Although surgery is curative, it can cause some problems such as long hospitalization, upper airway obstruction, non-esthetic scars, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, iatrogenic hypothyroidism and difficulty in re operation.
Therefore, nonsurgical and minimally invasive treatment modalities, such as ethanol ablation, percutaneous laser ablation (LA), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), Microwave Ablation have been used to treat thyroid nodules and yielding good results.
Microwave ablation (MWA) is a minimally invasive technique that has been used to treat benign and malignant tumors of the liver, lung and kidney.
Nonsurgical and minimally invasive treatments have been used to treat benign thyroid nodules, of which microwave ablation (MWA) is newly developed.
MWA is based on thermal injury secondary to heat generated from rotation of water molecules and have several advantages in tumor ablation.
Studies of thyroid MWA demonstrate significant volume reductions and improvement of clinical symptoms. MWA can be a minimally invasive technique with great promise for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules.
Benefits of Microwave ablation (MWA)
- Minimally invasive Day Care Procedure
- Local Anaesthesia
- Obviates need for admission
- Less Morbidity
- Faster return to normal activities
- Less Trauma
- Less Complications
Our Benign Thyroid Nodules Specialist Doctors
Benign Thyroid Nodules FAQ's
1.Thyroid tissue overgrowth 2.Thyroid cyst 3.Thyroid chronic inflammation 4.Multinodular goitre 5.Iodine deficiency 6.Thyroid cancer
Benign thyroid nodules are not a serious issue unless it is swelling, breathing issues and neck discomfort.
Most benign thyroid nodules are non cancerous and doesn’t harm you, But the diagnosis required to still check if cancer is there or not, symptoms like swelling and breathlessness and pain can be malicious
Majority is overgrown thyroid tissue. The cause is unknown, but we can consider it as a strong genetic cause. Rare diseases like Hashimoto's thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease that leads to hypothyroidism involves Thyroid nodules.
Treatment is best method of benign thyroid nodule, 1)If there is normal and nothing much harmful to react to the situation of thyroid nodules. Doctors merely suggest for watching health condition daily 2)If the thyroid gland doesn't produce hormones correctly then thyroid hormone therapy is required. 3)Surgical method is one of the recommended method by doctors to get rid of thyroid nodules.
95% of total thyroid nodules are benign, but if some cases arise then doctors recommend observation for thyroid nodules to grow.
7 Early Signs of Thyroid Nodules 1.Weight gain 2.Fatigue 3.Weight loss 4.Slower heart rate 5.Sensitive to cold 6.Heart rate increase 7.Sensitive to heat
The cost of a Thyroidectomy in Hyderabad is INR 42200 . This price is without health insurance.
Bulged thyroid nodules requires surgery. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a better alternative – no surgery or hormonal therapy required.
Thyroidectomy is the best recommended method to treat thyroid nodules without surgery at certain stage of disease
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